Temple of Apollo
Temple of Apollo and Piazza Pancali
The first Doric temple in Sicily
The Temple of Apollo in Syracuse is located at the entrance to the old city at the Piazza Pancali. It was built about 570 B.C. and is thus the oldest Doric temple in Sicily. The foundation, some columns and some parts of Cella still remain. Unlike the temples in the Greek mainland, the temples in Sicily are characterized by a hall of 6 by 2 columns. Behind the hall, the proper temple begins with 6 rows, each with 15 monolithic columns, which were about 8 feet high.
With the end of Greek rule, the temple was used by the Romans and then rebuilt continuously first as a Byzantine church, then Islamic mosque, Norman church and finally a Spanish barracks - then the building deteriorated gradually.