Politics of the republic of San Marino

Parliamentary representative democratic republic

In accordance with San Marino’s constitution, the oldest republican constitution of the world, the political system is a parliamentary representative democratic republic. San Marino has had two heads of state, the jointly reigning, so-called Capitani Reggenti (the “Captains Regent”), since 1243. They each reign six months and are elected by parliament. Inauguration takes place every 1st of April and October. Loosely based on the consuls of the Roman Republic, the Capital Reggenti represent the country and act as highest bondsmen for the abidance to the constitutional order.

Constitutional order and political offices

Head of the San Marinese government is the foreign minister. Legislative power is the Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) elected directly by the public. It consists of 60 councillors taking care of all parliamentary gatherings. The period of office is 5 years. The Council nominates the Capitani Reggenti and passes the national budget. The State Congress (Congresso di Stato) holds all executive power. Its ten Secretaries of State (Segretari di Stato) are appointed by the Grand and General Council for a period of five years. The merger of the fields of culture and justice is worth pointing out - given that the crime rate in San Marino is very low, the latter field is of little significance. All judiciary powers are held by the Council of Twelve (Consiglio dei XII), also appointed by the Grand and General Council for a period of five years. Each of the nine communities (castelli) has its own Castle Council (giunta) elected by the public. It is presided by the Capitano (Castle’s Captain) elected for a period of five years.

Forgot your login details?
Not registered yet?

Register with ZAINOO for free!

Please indicate your e-mail address!

You are not logged in!

To log in, just click on the “Login” button, on the top right-hand side of the screen, and enter your ZAINOO login data.

Not registered yet? Then become a member of our travel community for free and get numerous benefits:

  • Save and modify your tours
  • Rate sights
  • Leave tips and comments
Register here
Zainoo Italien

How do I plan my journey?

Choose your destination/your attractions

Use the map, search or navigation function to choose your desired destination/attraction and click on the “Add to journey” button.

My journey

Finalise your itinerary

My journey

Click on the “My journey” button and put the sights into the desired order with drag-and-drop. Select any additional information, take a last look at your route and let’s go.

Take your personal itinerary with you

You’ve completed your itinerary – what’s next? Simply print, download, send it by e-mail or download an e-book for your mobile phone and you are ready for your next trip.


ZAINOO registered users can save their itineraries and extend or re-use them later at any time.

Register now!

Zainoo is and will remain free.

My journey

No personal destinations or attractions were added to your journey!

No idea how to do it? You will find exact instructions for your individual travel planning under the button „Plan a journey“.

The destination/sight was added to your journey!